Slovakian or Czech line

There is a custom within the world of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog to hear about ….

Czech line or Slovak line ……….

But what does this mean?

Studying the pedigrees this distinction, which esla representation of two different visions of breeding and selection, of which two types of breeding Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, genealogically
and genetically linked, whose phenotypic expression was observed, however, very heterogeneous In the second half of the 1980s. The main finding of this differentiation was in the 1990s. To
fully understand this particular of our race it is indispensable to go back in time and understand a crucial step in the history of the new generation.
The Czechoslovakian wolfdog was born in what is now the Czech Republic, but the transfer of many subjects in 1970 on a farm in Malacky (near Bratislava) in the Slovak Republic, radically
changed the course. Formerly in Malacky the new race was born that was executed almost in its totality by the military, following a biological project; The selection interested mainly in the
character and functionality of the dog, based on the plans of the founder Karel Hartl. An associate commander of Malacky, Frantisek Rosik (who was one of the first supporters of the new
career with Hartl) had sufficient autonomy to impose a change of direction, in the sense of greater morphological uniformity in project management and organic selections Of military
character had until now found little space.
In this context, these are the two lines of the Sarik wolf (the third after Brita and Argo), one of them occurred in 1979 the subject Rep z Pohraniční stráže, hybrid F3 resulting from the union
between the father (Xavan z PS, F1) and his daughter (Quote z PS, F2). Meanwhile, the military project of the new breed was coming to an end and most subjects were assigned to civilian
breeders, and of course the breeders benefited Slovakians who found almost all Malacky breeders, these were entrusted to them .

In 1982 Club of Breeders and Rep z Pohraniční stráže comes into play; These two events definitely alter the course of the race
as well as to determine a real time line. Slovak breeders began to use unilaterally Rep z Pohraniční stráže as stallion and only
as a reference, then linking with some daughters and using increasingly strong inbreeding in it in the following generations;
This search for that uniformity morphological similarity with the wolf, sought by Rosik and obtained by the Rep z Pohraniční
stráže. The Czech breeders who were impoverished by the above-mentioned transfer to Malacky were inevitably obliged to
resort to the use of Slovak materials and then blood from Rep Pohraniční stráže. Most of them, however, remained true to the
origins of the breed, continuing the use and selection in formation, and preserving as far as possible the bloodlines of the
previous epoch. Thus, after the inevitable “contamination” of the Czech Republic, it tried to maintain a high genetic variability
by increasing its generational gap in the pedigree. On this basis, and in contrast to the high level of inbreeding that emerged
from the Slovak breeding scheme, founder Hartl launched in the last Libějovice military breeding, the last line by the Lejdy shewolf and the German shepherd Bojar.

kazan

Kazan z Pohraniční stráže (F1)

From this pair of 1983 we selected a single copy of F1, Kazan z PS, whose blood was directly used, since 1985, the population
of Czechoslovakian wolfdog by Czech breeders. This theme was selected, unlike representative, according to the old point of
view, and after a certain substance and resistance, but especially for the character. Kazan despite being a hybrid of the first
generation was able to achieve the ZVV1 (Certificate of work first degree), in certain aspects even more complex than a
current IPO1. Obviously Kazan z PS had the wolfish morphological appearance, in the style of Rep z Pohraniční stráže, in fact

it was much more similar in color and other morphological characteristics to a German shepherd. I happened to meet by
chance, at a dog show in Nitra, an ex-serviceman who served in the kennels of the Border Guard. Speaking of which and the
PLC, for example, told us that he did not know very well why Kazan was in the kennels where he lived. He told us that he was a
very good working dog, able to do anything. Its only defect was the interest in nature, in which there was no possibility of
conditioning .

rep z pohraniční stráže

Rep z Pohraniční stráže (F3)

It is therefore clear that the Czech breeders remained closely linked to the lines derived from Kazan for blood supply, again with great qualities of a very difficult character for a first-generation
hybrid. Paralelamente also work in the line of Lord z PS (line F3 of Argo) through the nephew Ayak z Vlamy and its sister Ada z PS. As far as females are concerned, they developed breeding of
some lines, trying to differentiate possible combinations. Most important in the beginning was the maternal line of Brixa z PS (not related to Rep), whose daughter (Acarka Bropa) gave 5
females (A and C Vopa) from which most of the Czech blood lines . The Czechs have never used Rep z Pohraniční stráže as a stallion for their litters, but have imported some more or less
related Slovak daughters and dogs. Among these important work was breeding with Šedá, with the females Slovak BanišÅ z Cita a ¥ (Tola z PS x Rep z Ps) and Dina z BanišÅ a ¥ (Kaj z PS x
Tola z Ps) and stallion Gar z Rosikova (Mother and father were the children of Rep). From these “ingredients” of purely Slovak origin and genealogy, many lines were developed in the Czech
Republic also relevant for the formation of the breed as such.

The Slovak breeders owned several female daughters and grandchildren of the Lord z Ps, but did not use the Ayak branch
online. Initially Kazan’s blood use was categorically denied, but then he did admit it. Rosik acquired the Czech bitch Bona ze
Šedého who gave birth in 1991 to the stallion Tambury z Rosikova whose line is appreciated and much sought today in all
areas. The only paternal line of Rep z PS used by the Slovaks was Nuk z PS through Astor Mot’ovský Dvor. Most of the typical
Slovak lineages and paternal lines come from the very inbred line of Rep z Ps and the blood of sisters Tola z PS z and Cmuka
z PS. There are several lines that we can define as important Slovaks, but few have managed to reach this day retaining their
own identity and phenotype especially genealogical, of which we can mention Ruskov Dvor for the first period, and more
recently for Radov Dvor. Here, in the second half of the 80’s, they clearly determine the Czech and Slovak lines. Both originate
in individuals from military selection. Both are indelibly influenced by Rep z PS

But to better understand these differences in terms of family, more enlightening than anything else is to take a quick look at the pedigree of two important, almost contemporary stallions,
came into play in the 1990s. One is Cezar or Pavlisina (1988) stallion from Slovakia , The other is Ariel Lobos CS (1987) Czech stallion.

ariel

Ariel Lobos CS

In the pedigree of Ariel Lobos CS, we have the paternal line of Lord z PS, reinforced by the
online breeding of Caro and Zilka, a theme that arises from any 4 first hybrid lines (Brita,
Brita, Argo, Bolita) without Rep. We also find Kazan second generation as grandfather. The
level of homozygousness equals 8.25% and the weight of the Kazan family (% blood) is 25%,
Lord’s is 21.87%, Rep. Salt is 12.5%, Argo’s is 7 , 81%.

ariel_lobos
7ces

Cézar o Pavlišina CS

One thing is immediately evident now considering the pedigree of Cezar or Pavlišina, it is the
presence of the representative of father, while Ariel Lobos CS is his great-grandfather. We
also see that even the mother of Cezar is a daughter of Rep. The only issue not attributable
to Rep zz Sal Ps is Tola, but by analyzing his pedigree we find again the two lineages Wolf
Argo hence Rep z Sal. Cirus z ps (grandfather Of Tola) is the maternal uncle of the Rep z Ps,
brother and then his mother Cita z Sal. In the maternal line of Tola z PS are object Afir z Sal
grandson of wolf Argo, the lineage of Eida z Sal. The family tree of Cezar or Pavlišina find
teams strongly expressed the new concept of CsV breeding started by Rosik Malacky with
the Argo hybrid line as a starting point. The level of inbreeding is very high, 41.79%, the
weight of the family Rep z Ps is 75%, that of the Argo wolf, which is 6 times in the pedigree, is
31.25%

cezar_od

Other information on these two topics is helpful in understanding the difference between the two views of breedding. Taking into account the offspring of the two themes you can see that
Cezar is the father of more than 16 liters, while Ariel is the father of seven layers. Normal one might think, it depends on the value of matter or other random factors. Instead, it depends on
what type of breeding.  Czech lines are used to differentiate the lines without much inflazionarle, lines of Slovak descent Cezar or his son Omar appears in an eighty percent, if not more, Slovak pedigree.

But now we make a jump of two generations to analyze this trend better. Consider a grandson of Cezar and one of Ariel.

agar.r

Agar Reloup CS

agar

In the family tree of Agar Reolup (1995) we find immediately that the paternal line remains
that of Lord Sal z Ayak Vlamy, who is present in the fourth generation three times as father of
Barry and Bak z Doušova dvora. In the third generation we meet with two sisters Aba VOPA
and aucti VOPA. Kazan z PS is now in the fourth generation. In the paternal line are a Slovak
bitch Ajka or Grandtnerov, and in fact it is in this that we find the presence of the
representative z Sal, in the fourth generation. In non-Czech instead pedigree appears in the
fifth or sixth generation. The level of endogamy has increased substantially in two
generations, now we are 13.83%. This is due not to the coupling system, but founder effect
exerted by the representative z Ps, which in each generation is increased due to the fact that
at that time there are no more players who are not related to it, and who remains relatively
close . The Rep weight family is now at 31.25% and appears between the fourth and sixth
generation, Their family weight as we can see in the picture begins now is also expressed at
phenotypic level. The weight of Ayak z Vlamy is 18.75%.

cesar

Cézar z Krotkovského dvora CS

cezar_z

In the genealogical tree of Cézar z Krotkovského dvora (1994) one can see
at the same time that both grandparents (Cezar and Orlik) are the result of
the inbreeding father and daughter of Rep z Sal. One of the grandmothers,
Fleet, she is also The daughter of z Ps, and is also present as a greatgrandmother.

The other grandmother, Andy, come from Czech and Slovakian
breeding with dogs so that Tola appears twice in the fourth generation. We
can see that it is in this branch that Rep z Ps is more distant, which reflects
precisely the Czech breeding. The level of endogamy is still very high,
36.89%, but lower than the grandfather, which was at 41.79%. But you must
Cézar z Krotkovského dvora CS
keep in mind that your grandfather came from a pair of inbreeding between
father and daughter, in this case would be an online parenting. Usually a
parent-child pair is 25% while a lineebreeding with a common ancestor that
is repeated three times in the third generation (as in this case) equals
9.375%. It is easy to understand that the decrease of consanguinity obtained
by two generations of distance is minimal compared to what would have
been obtained under normal conditions, that is to say, in the absence of a
founding effect such as that exerted by the salt rep. In fact still
overwhelming weight, to 62.5%.

Coming to more recent times, after 2000, it can be observed that in the pedigree of a typical Slovakian dog, as well as finding Rep countless times in the fourth, fifth and sixth generation, it is
likely to find Cezar Pavlišina or even two, three or Your child several times. Very rare are the cases in which this is not his son Omar z Krotkovského dvora less than his grandson Cezar z
Krotkovského dvora.
In the pedigree of a typical dog Rep appears numerous times, but from the seventh to the ninth, tenth generation. In most of the lines we find both Kazan, in almost all Ayak z Vlamy. It is
impossible, from generation to generation, to find different branches that are very distant. Committees Breeding club Czech and Slovakian stallions according to the different lineages, the
former have 8 groups and the latter 4.
As for the images can be seen how these two phenotypic philosophies are translated, in the aesthetics of the two subjects. The difference is huge. You will immediately notice a difference in
substance and bone structure, the morphology of the head is very different. In Cezar skull and muzzle are much closer to those of the wolf compared to Ariel, as well as the color of the eyes,
shape and size of the ears, lead to the same considerations. It is not possible to draw some general conclusions about the difference in the type of Czech dog line that the Slovak dog line,
mainly in two subjects visible only in the photos. However, I can trace a thread of these differences, built on a variety of subjects seen in exhibitions and on farms, especially in the mother
country.

adon_kanakor

Adon Kanakor (CZ)

Obviously, since the gene pool is very penetrated, there are many exceptions. The Czech dog line is usually equipped with a
strong skeleton and more important overall dimensions. Slovak dogs are more minutes and thin bones, but there are
exceptions. I have found, however, that the Slovak dog beyond a certain size tends to be lacking in harmony and proportion,
whereas dogs are usually structurally and Czech are well proportioned and harmonic although important dimensions. Lines
can be found structures but very heavy and not very typical, often associated with a general heaviness of the head also, where
they are found and treated perhaps the most significant differences. The chief of the Slovakian dogs is in general terms the
most valuable and chiselled. The inbreeding of Rep and others fixed a type of skull and face much more typical of the
similarity with the wolf. Much more triangular shape (front and profile), nose sharper and dry, skull wider and deeper, temples
more rounded, smaller orbital angles and leave less marked. Sometimes the price of hyper selection typical and high
inbreeding, resulting in problems related to the jaw and the chin slightly too thin, too short or the chin up some cases of
fishing plug. As for the shape and color of the eyes, either in Czech dogs you can find a good general level and in some cases
decidedly dark colors, in Slovak dogs there is a greater tendency to find very typical and clear eyes , Which from the yellow
amber arranged by the standards come to yellow lemon, straw yellow.

Slovak lines are not uncommon to unfortunately find the so-called “eyeball” or “rib”, a side effect of high inbreeding. The inbreeding has led to the lack of teeth (premolars), or one more tooth,
obviously more in the lines than the Czech Slovak. Another major flaw, seen almost everywhere, since it seems to be attributable to Rep, are correct before set, but are disputed in motion, or
sgomitati as well as posture and construction. In the lines closest to Rep it is easier to find some subject with these serious defects, Czech lines is easy to see the front legs too short. The two
lines also have their typical hair defects. In dogs guilty Czech hair cropped open, or whose plot breaks the discovery of the lower layer. Typical problem in the rump area (so the Czechs admit
it) and back. While in Slovak dogs you can see the wavy hair defect, ie a more or less consistent hair curl, and more or less extended in the body, typically in the region of the neck and back.
The problems of Czech hair lines are generally defined as minor blemishes or imperfections, exclusion made for long hair CLC that occurred in Italy and some other contexts, but it certainly
comes from the Czech lineage. The problems of hair lines in Slovakia are much more severe and widespread, and overcoming them in the selection is often difficult. With regard to hair
pigmentation there are conductive wires typical of some particular bloodlines, but it is not absolutely possible to apply a criterion of differences in the Czech and Slovak lines. Only in the case
of the anomaly of the mouth of the dark canyon (typical German shepherd) can you give feedback on the most important lines in the Czech Republic, because, according to many, the presence
of actors such as Kazan, Ayak z Vlamy, and others Are very close ‘was previous in Rep. For the rest of us are subject light gray, little toner, silver, honey, brown and dark in both lines.

astor

Astor z Javorinskej (SK)

One area that has mainly divided the Czechs of Slovaks was the character. The former did not want to mediate sacrifices
made in terms of the lives of dogs in the early decades of selection to eliminate their more reliable and unwanted hybrids at
the expense of a mere aesthetic concept. The latter are convinced that by then it was more important to work on aesthetic
morphology, without taking into account not totally the character. For Slovak farmers it was more important for a good level of
docility, preferring perhaps more insecure subjects but less dominant and less hardened. Czech farmers loyal to the old
breeding concept CsV time have continued to select the strongest of the characters, in many cases rely too much on training.
It follows that since the late 70’s to date has not been a character unequivocal selection of the race, and for this the parties
have a strong heterogeneity. The average Czech typical dog is a more hardened, more dominant and active subject, generally
more intractable. The dog is the softest Slovak hardening, which has less character, but is often more docile. It is not dogs of
unusual encounters typically Slovak although they do not live in small social contexts are, although timid, meek and little
doubt. But it would be necessary to go further into the details of particular lineages, both Czech and Slovak, to have a more
complete view of the immense and varied genetic heritage of the new breed. But it is a land where it is difficult to be sure,
because we know what environmental impact can affect the expression of character. When we think we have found a
common thread, there is always a case that can be refuted. The deeper you go into more depth and do not make any
generalizations are and you are faced with a case by case.

dixon

Dixon Radov Dvor (SK)

We can say that at present the clear line of demarcation between family history and in-kind Czech and Slovak are
disappearing very slowly. With the expansion of cattle ranching in neighboring countries such as Poland, Germany, Austria,
and more distant regions such as Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Scandinavia and the Baltic countries, this
difference in the overall race. This was due to the fact that many blood lines were exported and mixed together. Although in
some cases conflicts between Czechs and Slovaks found ideals, and remain some fertile places abroad, more and more in
Slovakia and the Czech Republic the old conflicts are losing their strength. If Czech farmers are increasingly favorable to
mediate the old assumptions about character in favor of a more attractive and modern appearance, will continue to try to
maintain good genetic variability by trying to use all available bloodlines, often using dogs Slovaks. While Slovak breeders,
now aware that they can not continue to close in the same line, have been trying to use their rarer variants and with less blood
Rep, and recently thanks to some enterprising breeder, began to use even old Czech lines.

The information on this page about the history of the Czechoslovakian Wolf Dog has been extracted and translated from the web http://www.clc-italia.it/.

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