Breed test

Bonitation and SVP


Bonitation is a set of measurements and tests that aims to evaluate the dog according to the breed standard. Bonitation is NOT a contest or championship, with which there are no first or second or last, but a study that encompasses the physical characteristics and behavior of each individual, which gives the individual an evaluation code. In no case does the beauty of the individual prevail in any way

Bonitation is always valued by an international judge of the FCI, who must be a specialist in the race and who has also been trained specifically to be able to correctly perform the trial of this test. All over the world there are very few judges who can perform bonitation officially.

There are two versions of bonitation, the Czech and the Slovak, with small differences, but both are official. The two clubs of origin recognize the evidence indistinctly. Doing one or the other does not depend on the country where it is carried out, but on the judge who is in charge of the test.

The minimum age to present dogs for bonitation is one and a half years for females and two years for males.

However there is a test for young people, dogs below that age, in which they do everything except the character test. The code obtained from the bonitation of young people is considered temporary, but the qualification can give us an idea of ​​the future and final evaluation. Although the test is carried out as a young person, since it is temporary, the test is only valid when it is carried out as an adult.

Part 1. Measurements

  • Natural position in stopped.

Similar to the static position in dogshows. Some judges ask that the dog take it naturally, that is, you should NOT force the dog to adopt that position, just guide him to take that position.

  • Dynamic position.

The judge tries to observe the movement in a straight line, in a circle, walking and running. Similar to when the judge in a show tells you “up and down” and “turn around”, the movement of the dog in a straight line is evaluated by walking to and from the judge also to the front trot observing the judge the front and back, and the trot “lobero” in circumference, leaving the judge inside the circle, always keeping the dog in sight of it. Here the guide or “handler” will take the dog to his left, allowing the judge to fully observe the movement of the dog.

  • What is measured?

All really, front and back limbs, angulations, body structure, shape of the head, teeth, shape and position of eyes and ears, neck, position and tail size, mantle, color, genitals (in males).

Proportions, making 15 measurements in the dog with what they then calculate the body proportions and are compared with what the standard indicates:

  • Height at the withers
  • Oblique length of the body
  • Thigh length
  • Shin Length
  • Length of the hock to the ground
  • Length of the front leg to the elbow from the ground
  • Metacarpal length
  • Metacarpal circumference
  • Chest circumference
  • Chest depth
  • Chest width
  • Head width
  • Head length
  • Snout length
  • Length of the ear
Rep z pohraniční stráže

Rep z pohraniční stráže (F3)

  • Height at the withers
  • Length of the body
  • Deep, wide end circumference of the chest
  • Lenght of the front leg from the ground to the elbow
  • Metacarpal length
  • Metacarpal circumference
  • Length of the hook to the ground
  • Length and angulation of the tibia
  • Length and angulation of the femur
Hacker de La Gretosa

Hacker de La Gretosa

  • Head length
  • Length of the snout
  • Width of the head 
  • Length of the ear

Part 2. Assessment of character and temperament

Identify and evaluate the innate and inheritable characteristics and nuances of the behavior. The set of these characteristics form the so-called temperament. It could be defined as the natural way to interact with the environment.

Identify the character, which is shaped by the experiences suffered by the individual through the learning processes that allow to improve their capacity and probability of survival and reproduction, or in other words, to adapt.

La nomenclatura ideada por Hipócrates, que hablaba de cuatro tipos de “humores”:

  • Optimistic: or also called sanguineous. He is an individual who is comfortable and who conveys that feeling. The Greeks associated this dimension to have a significant amount of blood. It is caused by a good balance between stimulation and inhibition.
  • Choleric: individual who responds quickly, and usually aggressively. It is caused by strong arousal processes and poor inhibition.
  • Phlegmatic: He is a slow-response individual. They are cold and distant. It is caused by weak processes of excitation and strong inhibition.
  • Melancholic: These individuals are often sad and depressed. It is caused by weak processes of excitation and inhibition.
Loyre de Aralla


Looking at the previous chart we can determine the following character codes obtained in a Bonitation and its rating:

Of:  optimistic, well balanced -> P1

Od: irritable, suspicious -> P3

Oe: aggressive-> P14 (removed, not suitable for reproduction)

Og: optimistic, little courage -> P1

Oc: irritable, without courage -> P3

Ob: insecure, not open to contact -> P5

Oa: melancholic, shy -> P14 (removed, not suitable for reproduction)

Oh: good character, not very irritable -> P1 

Oi: impossible to provoke – > P3

Oj: Phlegmatic, calm temperament – > P3

P1: Excelent; P3: Very good; P5: Good ; P14: Disqualified, not suitable for breeding.

Character evaluation

It is tried to observe through the behavior of the dog before friendly approaches and approaches of threat of strangers, being the dog tied, alone and with a shot in between.

The guide goes with the dog to a pickaxe intended to tie the dog, ties it, retires and hides from the sight of the dog. This places the dog alone, tied and usually in an environment unknown to him. The judge evaluates the status of the dog by staying alone and gives the order to the helper who approaches the dog in a friendly way. The approach and behavior of the dog before him is evaluated.

The helper takes a few steps, grabs a stick and goes to the dog. Just before the helper threatens the dog, a detonation of a weapon is made. The response to detonation is evaluated. and before the threat.

The helper withdraws a few meters, leaves the club and returns to make a friendly approach. Once again the dog’s response is evaluated.



The Czechoslovakian wolfdog is an authentic trotter, framed in group 1 of pastors with proof of work.

To be a male player, you have to pass this resistance test, of 40 km on level I, 70 km on level II and 100 km on level III.

This test is recognized as official proof of work.

The test is open to all dogs that have pedigree and are older than 1 year.

For the test to be held there must be a minimum of 3 dogs and a maximum of 30.

As a resistance test, it is oriented to maintain a constant average speed of about 12 km / hour.

Each participant must take their dog tied with a strap of no more than 2 meters. Under no circumstances can the dog go loose.

The dog can go without a muzzle. Without muzzle the guide is responsible for what may happen.

A dog can be guided by two people during the race. The change must be made in the appropriate place for it, previously signaled.

You can not leave with the dog outside the marked lanes or trails that are enabled for the race

The dog and the guide can stop during the race. Time keeps counting

Females in heat, sick or injured dogs can not participate

Participants must allow the passage without hindering those who go faster

Maximum times and ratings SVP / ZVP1 (40 km.)

3h 20 min -> Excellent

3h 40 min -> Very good

4h -> Good

+ 4h -> The judge ends the test

Maximum times and ratings SVP / ZVP2 (70 km.)

5h 50 min -> Excellent

6h 20 min -> Very good

7h -> Good

+ 7h -> The judge ends the test

Maximum times and ratings SVP / ZVP3 (100 km.)

8h 20 min -> Excellent

9h 10 min -> Very good

10h -> Good

+ 4h -> The judge ends the test